Domains of Development


We recognize that literacy skills are comprehensive and involve listening, speaking, reading, and writing. For children ages three, four, and five, we say literacy skills are emergent—in the process of developing. Teachers help children develop the tools they need to become fluent readers and writers and focus on three primary areas: phonological awareness, print awareness, and book awareness.
Phonological Awareness + Print knowledge + Book Knowledge

Children learn to write by dictating what they need to say. Teachers capture children’s feelings with pen and paper when they want those feelings conveyed to parents or peers. The desire to express “I miss you” to a family member or sending a thank-you note to a visitor are powerful motivations for developing literacy skills. Children also practice writing during dramatic play. 

Careful looking is constantly encouraged to help children become aware of written language. During the daily read-aloud, teachers talk about the author and illustrator and ask students to predict what the story might be about by looking at the cover, reading expressions on the characters’ faces, and analyzing different aspects of the story. Books by the same author or on the same subject are read for comparison. Rhymes and rhythm games are also part of story-time.
1640 Kalmia Road NW
Washington, DC  20012